George Rickey was a creator of precisely engineered kinetic sculpture. He was born in South Bend, Indiana, and when age six, was taken to Scotland in 1913. From 1930 until the late 40s, he was a fresco and mural painter. In 1945, he completed his first mobile when he was serving in the Air Force, and in 1949, he began glass kinetic works, after which he experimented with a variety of materials. Stainless steel became his preferred medium. Around 1959 he began to simplify forms, working with thin blades in vertical and horizontal configurations driven by wind rather by mechanical means.