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Picasso, Pablo 1881 ‐ 1973

Spanish

A painter and printmaker who revolutionized western art, Pablo Picasso was born in Spain and lived most of his life either there or in France. In 1908, Picasso began working in Paris with Georges Braque (1882‐1963), and together until 1914 and the beginning of World War I, they created collages and the first phase of Cubism that included still life and portraits. They worked so closely together that many scholars are unable to tell some of their work apart or to determine which of them contributed certain concepts. In the early part of the 1920s, he did abstract figurative work that was so grotesque in distortion that it set the stage for his participation in Surrealist exhibitions in Europe. Also the experimentation with figurative shapes led him to sculpture, an interest he had expressed earlier. The 1920s are regarded as one of the most productive periods of Picasso's career.

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